In our country, the parliamentarianism that ruled from 1891 until 1925 it is not, in a strict sense, a true parliamentarian system, characterized by possessing few political parties and the existence of a first minister or chief of government. This was because the position of first minister was never formally established in the Constitution, the dissolution of the Lower Chamber or Deputies, the closure of debates and interpellations. Thus, it was only characterized by the plutocratic predominance and the complete annulment of the Executive power. In addition, the abuse on the part of Congress promoted a search for political alliances and the practice of bribery. Along with the latter, the electoral fraud, the stealing of records, switching voters and forging votes were commonplace practices.
What the Parliament did do was approve two laws that contributed to stripping the president of the Republic of his authority:
– Autonomous comuna (county): This law separated the Executive power from the administration of the comunas. The members of the municipalities were chosen by popular vote and lasted 3 years in their position.
– Parliament incompatibilities: This law prevented public functionaries from holding a position in Congress and a public service position at the same time.