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An Industrialised Country

Canada is one of the 10 most industrialised countries in the world and in some parts of the country, the industrial sector employs more than 40% of the population. The pillars of its economy are mining, manufacturing, agriculture, livestock and forestry. It is the world’s most important producer of nickel, zinc, potassium and the second most important producer of barley and oats, although it is estimated that only 5% of its total land area is suitable for agriculture.

«Royal» Government

Canada’s Head of State is the sovereign of the United Kingdom and the Head of Government is the Governor General, who represents the British monarch in Canada. The remaining Executive powers are held by the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers.

Legislative Power is exercised by the Senate (with a maximum of 104 members) and the House of Commons (301 members). The apex of the Canadian Judicial system is the Supreme Court.

Canada is divided into 10 provinces for administrative purposes (each with its own parliament and governor) and three territories.

Living around lakes

80% of the Canadian population live in cities around the Great Lakes, such as Toronto and Montreal, while the rest of the country is practically uninhabited. Therefore the population density of this country is very low, (3.1 inhabitants per km2), although it has a significant birth rate of around 10%.

Spectacular Nature

Canada has a great variety of landscapes, with highlights such as the towering Rocky mountains in the west, the northern tundra, the central prairies and the immense forested region in the south. Furthermore, the country possesses many islands, among them Baffin, Newfoundland and Vancouver. Canada has more than a seventh of the world’s fresh water.

In general, its climate is extremely varied, ranging from temperate to cold arctic.

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