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Mali is bounded to the north by Algeria, to the east and southeast by Niger, to the south by Burkina Faso and Côte d’Ivoire, to the southwest by Guinea, to the west by Senegal and to the north and northwest by Mauritania.

Its terrain consists mainly of lowlands with occasional elevations, with Mount Hombori at 1,155 meters above sea level being the highest.

The most important rivers in the country are the Niger and the Senegal.

The climate ranges from subtropical to arid, with hot and dry, rainy and damp, and cold and dry seasons depending on the time of the year.

Barely 32% of the population lives in cities, and the main ethnic group are the Mande.
The country’s main economic sector is agriculture (42% of GDP) with the growth and export of cotton as the main activity.


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