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This is the smallest country in Africa and consists of the islands of São Tomé and Príncipe and some islets. It is located some 250 km off the western equatorial coast of the continent, in the Gulf of Guinea. Its geography, of volcanic origin, is mountainous and the highest peak is the Pico de Sao Tome, at 2,024 meters above sea level. The climate is tropical, and fluctuations in temperature are rare.

The population is mostly mestizo, descending from Portuguese and Africans.

The economy depends on foreign aid and is currently based on the extraction of petrol. 

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