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In ecology, there are many classifications that are used to understand and study the different relationships between organisms and the environment that surrounds them.Due to this, one speaks of ecological hierarchies, taking into account from a specific organism, to the entire group of living beings that inhabit the Earth and the physical environment they are inserted in, known as biosphere.

One of these branches of study is dubbed biomes. Biomes or ecological zones (regions), are a group of vegetable formations that are made up of a characteristic combination of plants and animals, adapted to the reigning soil conditions, temperature and precipitation.

They are biogeographical areas of a great extension, whose central factors are vegetation and the reigning climate, because all forms of animal life depend of the present vegetable base (making up different exchange relationships at the same time); in addition, the second factor directly affects the species that have managed to survive (adapt) the reigning environmental conditions, for example extreme temperatures, like in the case of the deserts or the Arctic.

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