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Identifying factor

Cultural heritage is split into movable and immovable property. The former refers to portable, movable objects, in other words, objects that function independently regardless of their surroundings and have a value all their own.

For example, all handicrafts (jewelry and ceramics), pottery, musical instruments, scientific and technologic artifacts (machinery, automobiles, railways, ships and airplanes), personal objects (dresses, shoes, etc.), historical and audiovisual documents, photographs, paintings and sculptures.

An important part of tangible chilote heritage is their handicraft work, mainly characterized by the hand loomed fabrics of Quinchao, Chaigüe and Llingua; their thick clothing, made from sheep’s wool to fight the cold and humidity of the area; their musical instruments, such as the bombo (bass drum), the chilote snare drum and the rabec; and finally, their sea crafts, which they use to move between the different islands.

The tangible immovable heritage is made up of buildings or houses, large works of engineering and archeological sites that are worth studying or which have historical, architectural, artistic or some other type of value.

This type of asset cannot be transported from one spot to another, be it due to the weight of the structure, like a building for example, or because they are intrinsically bound to their surroundings (like an archeological site). This heritage has to be preserved to prevent it from losing its significance for the community over time. In chilote culture, stilt houses are the most typical kind of construction, as well as the many churches found in the area, which are currently regarded as World Heritage Sites.

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