It is bounded to the north by Nicaragua, to the south by Panama, to the east by the Caribbean Sea, and to the west by the Pacific Ocean. Its climate is tropical, and has two defined seasons, one dry and the other humid. It has the smallest indigenous population of Central America. Its inhabitants mainly live on the central tableland and in the northern and southern Pacific regions.
Its economy is mainly based on agriculture and tourism.
Costa Rica is governed by the Constitution of 1949. Executive power is exercised by a president and two vice presidents. The Legislative Assembly (with 57 members) represents constituent power and the highest judicial authority is the Supreme Court of Justice, made up of 22 magistrates.