This is one of South America’s landlocked countries, meaning it has no access to the sea. It is bounded to the north by Bolivia, to the east by Brazil and to the west and south by Argentina. The Paraguay River crosses it from north to south and divides it into two areas: to the west, a great alluvial plain, the Gran Chaco, and to the east, a fertile forest plain.
The majority of the population is Mestizo (of mixed Spanish and Guaraní descent) and lives mostly in the eastern region.
Although only a small percentage of its area is arable, agriculture is the country’s main economic activity.