When potentially dangerous foreign microorganisms have managed to pass the barriers that our body has (skin and mucosae) and continue their way into the body, the immune or immunological system intervenes and serves as a protective shield against them.
The lymphatic system is the set of cells that once grouped, get organized, forming a set of organs and tissues that participate in the immune responses.
The main functions of the lymphatic and immune systems are:
– Protection before an illness: the immune system contains and transports cells of the lymphatic and blood fluid that protect the body from cancerous and pathogen cells.
– Drainage of the tissue fluid: the lymphatic vessels form a one-way transportation system that drains the excess fluid from the tissues and pours it in the blood so as to restore and maintain its volume.
– Transportation of fat: the lymphatic conduits collect cells of digested fat from the interior of the small intestine villi, they carry them in the lymph, so they are then poured in the blood.